Myopia, Also Known as Nearsightedness



Myopia is generally referred to as nearsightedness and occurs when the light that enters your eye is cannot be focused correctly. This can cause anything that you are trying to view in the distance to become blurred. When you cannot see well into the distance, you will have to take measures to correct this problem while driving or while at any event that requires this type of sight. Luckily, more permanent solutions are available for those who need them.

Myopia occurs because the physical length of someone's eye is greater than its optical length. Since light is bent as it enters the eye and is then pointed back to the eye's surface, any great length that this light is forced to travel will cause vision problems. The light will not be able to focus directly into the retina, which is where the blur comes into play. In order to see a clear picture, the light that enters your eye must focus onto the retina clearly, but this cannot happen for those with nearsightedness.

glasses for nearsightednessThe symptoms of myopia are simple, as it will be difficult for you to see items in the distance. In some cases, you might be able to squint in order to see these items clearly, but this is not recommended, as it is not a permanent solution. This eye problem is often seen quite early in life, as many children first begin experiencing problems when they reach school, as they cannot properly view the chalkboard. It will continue to get worse as a child ages, so frequently changing prescription glasses might be necessary. It will usually stop getting worse as you reach adulthood, however, so you can choose some glasses and stick with them once you reach your early twenties.

Those who suffer from myopia also commonly have frequent eyestrain, since they are constantly attempting to see things that are out of their range. You might also experience headaches as a side effect to this eyestrain, although this remains pretty rare. When being tested, you will have to go through a number of different phases to determine the severity of your eye problems. This can include eye pressure measurements, a general examination, a retinal examination, a refraction test, a color test, and the testing of the muscles around the eyes.

Treatment options vary for those with myopia, although many people choose to wear eyeglasses or contact lenses. This will change the way in which light enters your eye and allow it to focus directly on the retina. When this occurs, you will find that images will become much clearer, since you will have direct access to the light as it enters. An increasing number of people are now getting LASIK eye surgery as well. What LASIK does is use a laser to flatten your cornea. This will change the way that the eye focuses on the light that is entering, which provides clearer vision. This is a relatively safe procedure, which has made LASIK a popular choice for many people moving forward.

myopia nearsightednessIt is important that myopia is diagnosed early on, as it can hinder a child's education if it is not dealt with immediately. If your child shows any signs of vision problems, make sure that you contact a doctor immediately and have a full eye exam completed.

One thing to keep in mind if you opt for LASIK surgery to repair myopia is that problems can occur in rare cases. These problems can include retinal detachments, so keep an eye on thins once you have had the surgery. It is also important to remember that contact lenses can lead to infections, so it is important that children know how to take care of their contacts at all times.

Nothing can be done to prevent myopia from occurring, but there are many things that can be done to lessen the effects of these eye issues. If you are having trouble viewing items in the distance, go to a doctor and have your eyes checked immediately. Vision problems can be very dangerous to yourself and others, so making sure that you take care of yours should be a top priority.




FDA Website for information on LASIK:

fda - US food and drug administration